Source: Materials provided by University of California - Santa Barbara. Original written by Sonia Fernandez. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

News date: July 15, 2021

Born in food web ecology, the concept of trophic levels — the hierarchy of who eats who in the natural world — is an elegant way to understand how biomass and energy move through a natural system. It’s only natural that the idea found its way into the realm of aquaculture, where marine and freshwater farmers try to maximize their product with efficient inputs.

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